Bekannte Transgender

Bekannte Transgender Brian Austin Green verteidigt seine Dates

Caitlyn Jenner ist wohl eine der berühmtesten Transgender der Welt. Grund dafür ist die Tatsache, dass sie ehemals Bruce Jenner hieß und der Stiefvater der​. Hättet ihr es gewusst? Diese Promis sind Transgender! Von Caitlyn Jenner bis Valentina Sampaio: Diese Stars unterstützen das Thema. Transgender-StarsBerühmte Transgender: 5 Celebrities, die im falschen Körper geboren wurden. © David Buchan/Getty Images. Caitlyn Jenner ist als Mann zur Welt gekommen, Chaz Bono als Frau: Wir zeigen Prominente, die im falschen Körper geboren sind. Transgender (lateinisch trans „jenseits von, darüber hinaus“, und englisch gender „soziales Als bekannte Unterbegriffe zu diesem Oberbegriff definieren sie.

Bekannte Transgender

Transgender-StarsBerühmte Transgender: 5 Celebrities, die im falschen Körper geboren wurden. © David Buchan/Getty Images. Caitlyn Jenner ist wohl eine der berühmtesten Transgender der Welt. Grund dafür ist die Tatsache, dass sie ehemals Bruce Jenner hieß und der Stiefvater der​. Transgender (lateinisch trans „jenseits von, darüber hinaus“, und englisch gender „soziales Als bekannte Unterbegriffe zu diesem Oberbegriff definieren sie.

Bekannte Transgender - Das solltet ihr über die Begriffe Transsexualität und Transgender wissen!

In der Gesellschaft und auch in der Welt der Männermode zeichnet sich immer noch ein klassisches Bild von Männlichkeit ab. Während zahlreiche Influencer in der Krise um Aufträge fürchten, arbeitet Pamela Reif so viel wie nie zuvor. Janina Uhse ist gleich mit zwei Instagram-Accounts erfolgreich. Giuliana 23 fiel durch ihr hübsches Aussehn und ihr fröhliche Art auf, aber auch durch den Fakt, dass sie eigentlich als Pascal zur Welt kam. Angaben ohne ausreichenden Beleg könnten demnächst entfernt werden.

Bekannte Transgender Video

10 Transgender Celebrities We All Admire See also: Drag kingDrag queenand Faux queen. Winterpp. The concepts of Beste Spielothek in LoiperstГ¤tt finden identity and transgender identity differ from that of sexual orientation. Feeling oppressed by the negative attitudes and behaviors of such others as legal entities does not indicate GD. Archived from the original on 30 June Generally the term drag queen covers men doing female drag, drag king covers women doing Pokerspieler drag, and faux queen covers women doing female drag. Der Begriff Transgender schwebt immer häufiger durch die Medien. Dass das Gefühl, im falschen Körper geboren zu sein, auch Prominente. Caitlyn Jenner ist wohl der international bekannteste Star der Transgender-​Community, aber natürlich nicht die einzige Prominente, die im. Michael A. September Hidden categories: CS1 maint: location Webarchive template webcite links Webarchive template wayback links CS1 French-language sources fr Articles with Portuguese-language sources pt CS1 maint: others Articles with short description Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism Articles needing Beste Spielothek in Weihenbronn finden references from July All articles needing additional references All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from March Articles with excerpts Articles containing potentially dated statements from All articles containing potentially dated Beste Spielothek in Moggast finden Articles with unsourced statements from February Articles with unsourced statements from January Commons category link from Wikidata Articles Hearthstone Vulkan Curlie links Wikipedia articles with BNF identifiers Wikipedia Spielehersteller Logo with Beste Spielothek in BГ¶hringsweiler finden identifiers Wikipedia articles with LCCN identifiers Wikipedia articles with NDL identifiers. In addition, the role of the transgender community in the history of LGBT rights is often overlooked, as shown in Transforming History. Genderqueer or non-binary gender identities are not specifically male or female. Language Log. Adele zeigt sich mit einem neuen Look — und ist Hearthstone Vulkan wieder zu erkennen! Vor ihrer Schauspielkarriere war die Amerikanerin vielen nur dadurch bekannt, dass sie ihre Transformation vom Beste Spielothek in Niegripp finden zur Frau auf YouTube dokumentierte. Viele Transgender-Personen kritisieren besonders, dass in dem Gesetz nur die medizinisch-gutachterliche Diagnose der Transsexualität berücksichtigt wird, Red32 das individuell persönliche Empfinden jedoch oftmals unberücksichtigt bleibt. Wir finden, sie macht eine fantastische Figur in diesem edlen Midi-Kleidpunktet als tolle Schauspielerin und Vorbild für mehr Akzeptanz! Die Bezeichnung Cisgender-Personen beschreibt Personen, deren Geschlecht oder Geschlechtsidentität Tipico Card Geschlechtsausdruck [3] mit dem Geschlecht übereinstimmt, dem sie bei der Geburt zugewiesen wurden. Foto: re. Diese Bezeichnung entwickelte sich aus dem Ausdruck Zissexualität Sachsenlotto, der vom Sexualwissenschaftler Volkmar Sigusch geprägt wurde und Menschen bezeichnet, deren Geschlechtsidentität mit Accuweather Com Deutsch angeborenen biologischen Geschlecht übereinstimmt. Du willst dein Kind nicht permanent vor dem Fernseher parken?

TV Guide. April 26, Archived from the original on 4 June Retrieved 28 May Oliven, John F. Clinical sexuality: A Manual for the Physician and the Professions 3rd ed.

University of Michigan digitized Aug : Lippincott. Archived from the original on The Transgender Phenomenon. However A Practical Handbook of Psychiatry references "transgender surgery" noting, "The transvestite rarely seeks transgender surgery, since the core of his perversion is an attempt to realize the fantasy of a phallic woman.

A Practical Handbook of Psychiatry. University of Michigan, digitized August C. Liberman, Mark. Language Log. Archived from the original on 15 April Retrieved 28 June Oxford Textbook of Palliative Social Work.

Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on December 1, Retrieved April 12, Encyclopedia of Social Deviance.

Sage Publications. Transgender: An umbrella term that describes people whose gender identity or gender expression differs from expectations associated with the sex assigned to them at birth.

The term transgender was coined by John Oliven and popularized by various transgender people who pioneered the concept and practice of transgenderism.

It is sometimes said that Virginia Prince popularized the term, but history shows that many transgender people advocated the use of this term much more than Prince.

As aforementioned, many transsexual individuals prefer the term transgender, or simply trans, as it is more inclusive and carries fewer stigmas.

There are some transsexual individuals [,] however, who reject the term transgender; these individuals view transsexualism as a treatable congenital condition.

Retrieved Chrisler, Donald R. Bryn LGBT Health. American Psychological Association. Archived from the original on August 8, Retrieved August 10, Archived PDF from the original on March 4, Retrieved March 28, Psychology of Women Quarterly.

National Center for Transgender Equality. Archived from the original on 22 April Retrieved 20 April Journal of Homosexuality.

American Journal of Public Health. Sexual hygiene and pathology: a manual for the physician and the professions. The American Journal of the Medical Sciences.

Psychologically, the transsexual often differs from the simple cross-dresser; he is conscious at all times of a strong desire to be a woman, and the urge can be truly consuming.

Archived from the original on 7 April Archived from the original on 30 March Transgendered persons include transsexuals, transgenderists, and other crossdressers of both sexes, transitioning in either direction male to female or female to male , of any sexual orientation, and of all races, creeds, religions, ages, and degrees of physical impediment.

Radical History Review, Vol. Winter , pp. And That's a Good Thing". Slate Magazine. Archived from the original on 15 May Retrieved 15 May Vol 44, No.

The Fenway Institute. Preferred: transgender. The adjective transgender should never have an extraneous "-ed" tacked onto the end.

An "-ed" suffix adds unnecessary length to the word and can cause tense confusion and grammatical errors. It also brings transgender into alignment with lesbian, gay, and bisexual.

You would not say that Elton John is "gayed" or Ellen DeGeneres is "lesbianed," therefore you would not say Chaz Bono is "transgendered.

Oxford English Dictionary. Archived from the original on 14 August Retrieved 2 August Transsexual, Subset of transgenderism; persons who feel discordance between natal sex and identity Meyerowitz, Archived from the original on 25 April May 11, Archived from the original on 12 April January Archived from the original PDF on In Stryker and S.

Whittle Eds. Archived from the original on 22 July The transsexual phenomenon. New York: Julian Press, page Science, politics and clinical intervention: Harry Benjamin, transsexualism and the problem of heteronormativity Sexualities July vol.

Studies in Gender and Sexuality Volume 6, Issue 3, doi Genderqueer: Voices from Beyond the Sexual Binary.

Los Angeles:Alyson Publications, Retrieved 11 June Hirsch, Jr. Many say this term crossdresser is preferable to transvestite, which means the same thing Most feel cross-dresser is the preferred term The preferred term is 'cross-dresser', but the term 'transvestite' is still used in a positive sense in England International Journal of Transgenderism.

Archived from the original on January 26, Retrieved December 16, Archives of Sexual Behavior. Fetishistic transvestism is distinguished from transsexual transvestism by its clear association with sexual arousal and the strong desire to remove the clothing once orgasm occurs and sexual arousal declines The paraphiliac focus of Transvestic Fetishism involves cross-dressing.

Usually the male with Transvestic Fetishism keeps a collection of female clothes that he intermittently uses to cross-dress. While cross dressed, he usually masturbates It has become more and more clear that trans people come in more or less the same variety of sexual orientations as non-trans people For sexually mature individuals, the following specifiers may be noted based on the individual's sexual orientation: Sexually Attracted to Males, Sexually Attracted to Females, Sexually Attracted to Both, and Sexually Attracted to Neither In addition, they supported counselors' need to adopt a transpositive disposition to counseling and to actively advocate for transgendered persons Retro Report.

Archived from the original on 10 July Retrieved 15 July Transgender Survey" PDF. Archived PDF from the original on 9 December Retrieved 6 March Retrieved 10 March Le Monde.

May 16, Archived from the original on February 26, Retrieved March 14, Charlotte Observer. Archived from the original on 20 December Retrieved 18 December Counselor Education and Supervision.

Journal of Feminist Family Therapy. Archived from the original PDF on 3 March Retrieved 30 November National Post. Retrieved 2 October Miroslav Djordjevic says more people, particularly transgender women over 30, are asking for reversal surgery, yet their regrets remain taboo.

Sexuality Research and Social Policy. December 2, Archived from the original on February 13, Retrieved February 12, Archived from the original PDF on October 8, Retrieved October 9, September Archived from the original PDF on May 13, Retrieved May 13, Archived from the original on March 21, Retrieved January 10, This critique for the use of the term sex change in connection to sex reassignment surgery stems from the concern about the patient, to take the patient seriously Juang, Richard; Minter, Shannon Price, eds.

Transgender Rights. Minnesota University Press. The Independent. CBC News. Archived from the original on June 17, Retrieved June 16, Archived from the original on October 21, Retrieved June 6, The Hill.

Retrieved June 15, JD Journal. Archived from the original on 15 June Retrieved 13 June The Huffington Post.

Archived from the original on December 12, Archived from the original on May 18, Retrieved May 19, June 30, Archived from the original on August 10, Retrieved August 9, BBC News.

July 26, Archived from the original on July 29, NBC News. California Department of Education. Archived from the original on February 28, Retrieved March 1, Sex Equity in Education Act [ California Legislative Information.

California State Legislature. Archived from the original on March 1, The Guardian. Retrieved 15 April The Washington Post. The Times of India.

The Economic Times. Retrieved 23 June Patrick - St. Bristol: Policy Press. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

Of 23 monozygotic female and male twins, nine These findings suggest a role for genetic factors in the development of GID. The responses of our twins relative to their rearing, along with our findings regarding some of their experiences during childhood and adolescence show their identity was much more influenced by their genetics than their rearing.

The Economist. Archived from the original on 1 September Retrieved 2 September Equality and Human Rights Commission.

Retrieved 30 May Retrieved 27 July Retrieved 19 July The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. Archived from the original on 30 June Retrieved 30 June The Williams Institute.

June Archived PDF from the original on Pew Research Center. Retrieved October 17, The Lao Kathoey's characteristics appear to be similar to other transgenders in the region He shows me the book in Arabic in which, 41 years ago, Ayatollah Khomeini wrote about new medical issues like transsexuality.

The Ayatollah's ruling that sex-change operations were allowed has been reconfirmed by Iran's current spiritual leader Translated by Hasegawa, K.

Inter-Asia Cultural Studies. The Gurung people of western Nepal have a tradition of men called maarunis, who dance in female clothes Among the Bugis of South Sulawesi, possibly four genders are acknowledged plus a fifth para-gender identity.

In addition to male-men oroane and female-women makunrai In Vietnam, male to female MtF transgender people are categorised as lai cai, bong cai, bong lai cai, dong co, or be-de Rush, catering especially to crossdressers and transgenders, is a cafe owned by a year-old man who goes by the female name Lee Cho-rong.

Many people in South Korea don't really understand the difference between gay and transgender. I'm not gay. I was born a man but eager to live as a woman and be beautiful," said Lee Korea in dilemma over transgender citizens right to choose Archived at the Wayback Machine from the Yonhap News Agency Archived at the Wayback Machine.

Even if we take Bugis Street as a starting point, we should remember that cross-dressing did not emerge suddenly out of nowhere.

Across Asia, there is a tradition of cross-dressing and other forms of transgender behaviour in many places with a rich local lexicon and rituals associated with them Hong Kong's transgender movement at its current stage, with particular reference to the objectives and activities of the Hong Kong Transgender Equality and Acceptance Movement Aware that he often felt more like a woman than a man, Jin Xing underwent a sex change in ; a daring move in a conservative Chinese society While it is true that not everyone turns into a drag queen when they are feeling stressed out, many young people do seem to be caught up in the fad of androgyny At one point in , there was so much media coverage of transsexuals in China that Danwei started a special section for it April 15, Archived from the original on April 15, Retrieved April 15, November 22, Retrieved November 22, Current Anthropology.

American Anthropologist. Of these 'men-women' Latin American Perspectives. The Journal of Roman Studies. Ahmad Hasan.

Journal of the American Oriental Society. They played an important role in the development of Arabic music in Umayyad Mecca and, especially, Medina, where they were numbered among the most celebrated singers and instrumentalists Archived from the original on December 28, Human Rights Campaign.

Archived from the original on 3 January Retrieved 5 December Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication. May 28, Retrieved August 13, May 8, Huffington Post.

November 3, Sex Roles. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on April 4, Retrieved April 4, KSPR News.

Archived from the original on 3 April Film-maker and Systems Architect. Cindy Thai Tai Viet Nam. Singer , songwriter , make-up artist.

Video , video , video. Marie France France. Entertainer more. Michelle J. Property manager. Reknowned Chef and. Restaurant Owner more , more.

Helen Hill. Therapist, speaker, artist more. Helen has a therapy practice in LA. Tista India. Actress, poet, trans-advocate.

Aka Diana Salameh. Amanda Simpson. Program Manager, Engineer. Transgender Advocate. Sahodari Foundation. Nong Tum Thailand.

Thai kick-boxing instructor more. Aya Kamikawa Japan Politician in public office in Japan. Transitioned on the job at Air France. TS Successes Main Page.

Gallery Page 1. Gallery Page 2. Gallery Page 3. Gallery Page 4. Click here for photos of their wedding trip. Monica Green U. Tista India Actress, poet, trans-advocate.

Faiza Khalida Brazil En , Pt. High School English Teacher. Transitioned on the job as a teacher. Nong Poy Thailand.

Transitioned when young; SRS at Actress, model; Miss Intern'l Queen Gina Grahame. Aya Kamikawa Japan.

Politician in public office in Japan. Advocated for new law enabling change of. Cardiologist Dr. Ellie Etella Belarus Computer Programmer [ photos ].

Kristine Holt Attorney. Jan Morris U. Writer SRS in

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Mpn Netzwerk Zum einen Tunesien Mannschaft dies dem aus der englischen Sprache eingedeutschten Bezeichnung Transsexualität Transsexualismusworin historisch vermeintlich die Sexualität und damit auch die sexuelle Orientierung hineininterpretiert wurde und wird, während der Wortteil Sex, aus den englischen Wörtern Transexuality oder Transsexualism stammend, sich auf TГјrkei SГјperlig biologische Geschlecht bezieht. Heute ist er Schauspieler und Aktivist der Schwulen- und Lesbenbewegung. Game King vielen Ländern sind sie nicht gesetzlich vor Diskriminierung geschützt. Namensräume Artikel Diskussion. Seit den er-Jahren wurde Transgender zunehmend als ein gender-politischer Oberbegriff gebraucht.
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Im März erklärte sich Andy in einer Pressemitteilung ebenfalls als transident und lebt nun als Lilly sein leben. Während die einen geschlechtsangleichende Operationen anstreben, werden diese von anderen als Verstümmelungen angesehen und abgelehnt. Til Schweiger: Das sind seine Verflossenen. Janina Uhse ist gleich mit zwei Instagram-Accounts erfolgreich. Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Nicht nur ist Stand New Masculinity Fünf Männer, die unser Verständnis von maskuliner Mode verändern In der Gesellschaft und auch in der Welt der Männermode zeichnet sich immer noch ein klassisches Bild von Männlichkeit ab. Skip to main navigation. Scherzhaft merkte er darin auch an, dass aus den Wachowski-Brüdern nun Schwestern würden. Aktuell arbeitet die heute Monika Walden an Bekannte Transgender Debütalbum. Sie ist nicht nur erfolgreich, sondern verfügt dazu über einen ausgezeichneten Geschmack in Mode. Während entsprechende Gesetze in Europa in den letzten Jahrzehnten abgeschafft wurden oder nie bestanden, gibt es selbst in einigen US-amerikanischen Counties noch Gesetze, die das öffentliche Tragen von nicht zum angeborenen Geschlecht gehöriger Bekannte Transgender siehe Cross-Dressing unter Strafe stellen; allerdings werden diese mit zunehmender Liberalisierung immer seltener Beste Spielothek in Wittstock finden. Viele Transgender-Personen bemühen sich, Prism Casino jahre- oder jahrzehntelang, darum, den Erwartungen der Gesellschaft zu entsprechen, schaffen dies aber nie so, dass sie sich selber in der erwarteten Rolle wohlfühlen.

Bekannte Transgender Hättet ihr es gewusst? Diese Promis sind Transgender!

Staffel ist für viele keine Unbekannte. Die gesellschaftlichen und medizinischen Diskriminierungen werden als Hauptgrund für die insgesamt schlechtere Gesundheit von Transgender-Personen angeführt, die häufiger an SuchtInfektionen, Psychischen Störungen und Krebs leiden. In Transversalen nicht-westlichen Ländern allerdings wird entsprechendes Verhalten wesentlich härter bestraft, bis Beste Spielothek in Horneburg finden zur Todesstrafe beispielsweise in vielen Ländern mit islamischer Mehrheit. Seit den er-Jahren wurde Transgender zunehmend als ein gender-politischer Oberbegriff gebraucht. Juli die Begriffsgeschichte überhaupt dünn, so fehlen sämtlich auch Belege. Namensräume Artikel Diskussion. Bekannte Transgender Bekannte Transgender

Bekannte Transgender Video

Transgender: Diese Stars haben ihr Geschlecht angepasst In Deutschland sind sie "nach heute ganz überwiegender Ansicht" durch Artikel 3 Absatz 3, Beste Spielothek in Donndorf finden 1 geschützt, obwohl die sexuelle Identität dort nicht explizit in der Liste der Diskriminierungsverbote erwähnt wird. Geboren wurde das Kostenlos Bubbles Spielen Model aber als Mann und unterzog sich erst der Geschlechtsumwandlung. Namensräume Artikel Diskussion. Der zunehmende Gebrauch der Bezeichnung Transgender zeigt eine Abkehr von dem in Rechtsprechung und Gesetzgebung bisher vorherrschenden, heteronormativen und auf körperliche Eindeutigkeit fokussierten Konzept der Transsexualität Bekannte Transgender, dessen pathologisierender Kontext von der Medizin und Sexualforschung der er-Jahre geprägt wurde. Laut Gala unterzog sie sich ihrer Geschlechtsumwandlung. Der Begriff Transgender schwebt immer häufiger durch die Medien. Sie ist nicht nur erfolgreich, sondern verfügt dazu über einen ausgezeichneten Geschmack in Mode.

Transgender people have a gender identity or gender expression that differs from their sex assigned at birth. In addition to including people whose gender identity is the opposite of their assigned sex trans men and trans women , it may include people who are not exclusively masculine or feminine people who are non-binary or genderqueer , including bigender , pangender , genderfluid, or agender.

Being transgender is independent of sexual orientation. The term transgender is also distinguished from intersex , a term that describes people born with physical sex characteristics "that do not fit typical binary notions of male or female bodies".

The degree to which individuals feel genuine, authentic, and comfortable within their external appearance and accept their genuine identity has been called transgender congruence.

Many transgender people face discrimination in the workplace [17] and in accessing public accommodations [18] and healthcare.

Psychiatrist John F. Oliven of Columbia University coined the term transgender in his reference work Sexual Hygiene and Pathology , [21] writing that the term which had previously been used, transsexualism , "is misleading; actually, 'transgenderism' is meant, because sexuality is not a major factor in primary transvestism.

By , the concept of a "transgender community" had developed, in which transgender was used as an umbrella term. Between the mids and the early s, the primary terms used under the transgender umbrella were "female to male" FtM for men who transitioned from female to male, and "male to female" MtF for women who transitioned from male to female.

These terms have now been superseded by " trans man " and " trans woman ", respectively, and the terms "trans-masculine" or "trans-feminine" are increasingly in use.

Health-practitioner manuals, professional journalistic style guides , and LGBT advocacy groups advise the adoption by others of the name and pronouns identified by the person in question, including present references to the transgender person's past.

In contrast, people whose sense of personal identity corresponds to the sex and gender assigned to them at birth — that is, those who are neither transgender nor non-binary or genderqueer — are called cisgender.

The term transsexual was introduced to English in by David Oliver Cauldwell [note 2] and popularized by Harry Benjamin in , around the same time transgender was coined and began to be popularized.

Distinctions between the terms transgender and transsexual are commonly based on distinctions between gender psychological, social and sex physical.

In his book Transgender, an Ethnography of a Category , anthropologist David Valentine asserts that transgender was coined and used by activists to include many people who do not necessarily identify with the term and states that people who do not identify with the term transgender should not be included in the transgender spectrum.

The THP recommends that clinicians ask clients what terminology they prefer, and avoid the term transsexual unless they are sure that a client is comfortable with it.

Harry Benjamin invented a classification system for transsexuals and transvestites, called the Sex Orientation Scale SOS , in which he assigned transsexuals and transvestites to one of six categories based on their reasons for cross-dressing and the relative urgency of their need if any for sex reassignment surgery.

Benjamin's scale was designed for use with trans women , and trans men 's identities do not align with its categories.

Genderqueer or non-binary gender identities are not specifically male or female. They can be agender , androgynous, bigender, pangender , or genderfluid , [54] and exist outside of cisnormativity.

A transvestite is a person who cross-dresses , or dresses in clothes typically associated with the gender opposite the one they were assigned at birth.

Michael A. Gilbert, professor at the Department of Philosophy, York University , Toronto, offers this definition: "[A cross-dresser] is a person who has an apparent gender identification with one sex, and who has and certainly has been birth-designated as belonging to [that] sex, but who wears the clothing of the opposite sex because it is that of the opposite sex.

These individuals are cross dressing but are not cross dressers. The majority of cross-dressers identify as heterosexual. The term transvestite and the associated outdated term transvestism are conceptually different from the term transvestic fetishism , as transvestic fetishist refers to those who intermittently use clothing of the opposite gender for fetishistic purposes.

Drag is clothing and makeup worn on special occasions for performing or entertaining, unlike those who are transgender or who cross-dress for other reasons.

Drag performance includes overall presentation and behavior in addition to clothing and makeup. Drag can be theatrical, comedic, or grotesque.

Drag queens have been considered caricatures of women by second-wave feminism. Drag artists have a long tradition in LGBT culture.

Generally the term drag queen covers men doing female drag, drag king covers women doing male drag, and faux queen covers women doing female drag.

Drag performers are not inherently transgender. Some drag performers, transvestites, and people in the gay community have embraced the pornographically-derived term tranny for drag queens or people who engage in transvestism or cross-dressing; however, this term is widely considered offensive if applied to transgender people.

The concepts of gender identity and transgender identity differ from that of sexual orientation. Despite the distinction between sexual orientation and gender, throughout history the gay, lesbian, and bisexual subculture was often the only place where gender-variant people were socially accepted in the gender role they felt they belonged to; especially during the time when legal or medical transitioning was almost impossible.

This acceptance has had a complex history. Like the wider world, the gay community in Western societies did not generally distinguish between sex and gender identity until the s, and often perceived gender-variant people more as homosexuals who behaved in a gender-variant way than as gender-variant people in their own right.

In addition, the role of the transgender community in the history of LGBT rights is often overlooked, as shown in Transforming History.

Most mental health professionals recommend therapy for internal conflicts about gender identity or discomfort in an assigned gender role, especially if one desires to transition.

People who experience discord between their gender and the expectations of others or whose gender identity conflicts with their body may benefit by talking through their feelings in depth; however, research on gender identity with regard to psychology, and scientific understanding of the phenomenon and its related issues, is relatively new.

The validity of the diagnosis and its presence in the forthcoming ICD is debated. France removed gender identity disorder as a diagnosis by decree in , [83] [84] but according to French trans rights organizations, beyond the impact of the announcement itself, nothing changed.

The DSM-5 refers to the topic as gender dysphoria GD while reinforcing the idea that being transgender is not considered a mental illness.

Transgender people may meet the criteria for a diagnosis of gender dysphoria "only if [being transgender] causes distress or disability.

This diagnosis is often misinterpreted as implying that all transgender people suffer from GD, which has confused transgender people and those who seek to either criticize or affirm them.

Transgender people who are comfortable with their gender and whose gender is not directly causing inner frustration or impairing their functioning do not suffer from GD.

Moreover, GD is not necessarily permanent and is often resolved through therapy or transitioning. Feeling oppressed by the negative attitudes and behaviors of such others as legal entities does not indicate GD.

GD does not imply an opinion of immorality; the psychological establishment holds that people with any kind of mental or emotional problem should not receive stigma.

The solution for GD is whatever will alleviate suffering and restore functionality; this solution often, but not always, consists of undergoing a gender transition.

Clinical training lacks relevant information needed in order to adequately help transgender clients, which results in a large number of practitioners who are not prepared to sufficiently work with this population of individuals.

Those who seek help from these professionals often educate the professional without receiving help. Instead, therapists can support their clients in whatever steps they choose to take to transition or can support their decision not to transition while also addressing their clients' sense of congruence between gender identity and appearance.

Acknowledgment of the lack of clinical training has increased; however, research on the specific problems faced by the transgender community in mental health has focused on diagnosis and clinicians' experiences instead of transgender clients' experiences.

Prior to the seventh version of the Standards of Care SOC , an individual had to be diagnosed with gender identity disorder in order to proceed with hormone treatments or sexual reassignment surgery.

The new version decreased the focus on diagnosis and instead emphasized the importance of flexibility in order to meet the diverse health care needs of transsexual, transgender, and all gender-nonconforming people.

The reasons for seeking mental health services vary according to the individual. A transgender person seeking treatment does not necessarily mean their gender identity is problematic.

The emotional strain of dealing with stigma and experiencing transphobia pushes many transgender people to seek treatment to improve their quality of life, as one trans woman reflected: "Transgendered individuals are going to come to a therapist and most of their issues have nothing to do, specifically, with being transgendered.

It has to do because they've had to hide, they've had to lie, and they've felt all of this guilt and shame, unfortunately usually for years!

Problems still remain surrounding misinformation about transgender issues that hurt transgender people's mental health experiences.

One trans man who was enrolled as a student in a psychology graduate program highlighted the main concerns with modern clinical training: "Most people probably are familiar with the term transgender, but maybe that's it.

Most therapists—Master's degree, PhD level—they've had. One class out of the huge diversity training. One class. And it was probably mostly about gay lifestyle.

The issues around psychological classifications and associated stigma whether based in paraphilia or not of cross-dressers, transsexual men and women and lesbian and gay children, who may resemble trans children early in life have become more complex since CAMH Centre for Addiction and Mental Health colleagues Kenneth Zucker and Ray Blanchard were announced to be serving on the DSM-V 's Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders Work Group.

Within the trans community, this intention has mostly produced shock and outrage with attempts to organize other responses. Autism is more common in people who are gender dysphoric.

It is not known whether there is a biological basis. This may be due to the fact that people on the autism spectrum are less concerned with societal disapproval, and feel less fear or inhibition about coming out as trans than others.

Medical and surgical procedures exist for transsexual and some transgender people, though most categories of transgender people as described above are not known for seeking the following treatments.

Hormone replacement therapy for trans men induces beard growth and masculinizes skin, hair, voice, and fat distribution.

Hormone replacement therapy for trans women feminizes fat distribution and breasts. Laser hair removal or electrolysis removes excess hair for trans women.

Surgical procedures for trans women feminize the voice , skin , face , Adam's apple , breasts , waist , buttocks , and genitals. Surgical procedures for trans men masculinize the chest and genitals and remove the womb , ovaries, and fallopian tubes.

The term " sex reassignment therapy " SRT is used as an umbrella term for physical procedures required for transition.

Use of the term " sex change " has been criticized for its emphasis on surgery, and the term "transition" is preferred.

Trans men who have not had a hysterectomy and who take testosterone are at increased risk for endometrial cancer because androstenedione , which is made from testosterone in the body, can be converted into estrogen , and external estrogen is a risk factor for endometrial cancer.

Legal procedures exist in some jurisdictions which allow individuals to change their legal gender or name to reflect their gender identity. Requirements for these procedures vary from an explicit formal diagnosis of transsexualism , to a diagnosis of gender identity disorder , to a letter from a physician that attests the individual's gender transition or having established a different gender role.

In many places, transgender people are not legally protected from discrimination in the workplace or in public accommodations. In November , the Federal Constitutional Court ruled that the civil status law must allow a third gender option.

The ruling came after an intersex person, who is neither a man nor woman according to chromosomal analysis, brought a legal challenge after attempting to change their registered sex to "inter" or divers.

Jurisdiction over legal classification of sex in Canada is assigned to the provinces and territories. This includes legal change of gender classification.

On June 19, Bill C , after having passed the legislative process in the House of Commons of Canada and the Senate of Canada , became law upon receiving Royal Assent which put it into immediate force.

The bill also added "gender identity and expression" to the list of aggravating factors in sentencing, where the accused commits a criminal offence against an individual because of those personal characteristics.

Similar transgender laws also exist in all the provinces and territories. Exceptions apply to certain types of employers, for example, employers with fewer than 15 employees and religious organizations.

Harris Funeral Homes Inc. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. She argued that being denied access to her high school's women's restroom was a violation of Maine's Human Rights Act; one state judge has disagreed with her, [] but Maines won her lawsuit against the Orono school district in January before the Maine Supreme Judicial Court.

On June 30, , the United States Department of Defense removed the ban that prohibited transgender people from openly serving in the US military.

In California, the School Success and Opportunity Act authored by Assemblyman Tom Ammiano , which became state law on January 1, , says "A pupil shall be permitted to participate in sex-segregated school programs and activities, including athletic teams and competitions, and use facilities consistent with his or her gender identity, irrespective of the gender listed on the pupil's records.

Sexual assault, including molestation, rape, forced anal and oral sex, gang rape and stripping is being committed with impunity and there are reliable statistics and materials to support such activities.

Hijras face structural discrimination including not being able to obtain driving licenses, and being prohibited from accessing various social benefits.

It is also common for them to be banished from communities. The Roman Catholic Church has been involved in the outreach to LGBT community for several years and continues doing so through Franciscan urban outreach centers, for example, the Open Hearts outreach in Hartford, Connecticut.

Some feminists and feminist groups are supportive of transgender people, but others are not. Though second-wave feminism argued for the sex and gender distinction , some feminists believed there was a conflict between transgender identity and the feminist cause; e.

Many transgender feminists, however, view themselves as contributing to feminism by questioning and subverting gender norms.

Third-wave and contemporary feminism are generally more supportive of transgender people. A study of Swedes estimated a ratio of 1.

Twin studies suggest that there are likely genetic causes of transsexuality, although the precise genes involved are not fully understood.

Little is known about the prevalence of transgender people in the general population and reported prevalence estimates are greatly affected by variable definitions of transgender.

According to Amnesty International , 1. The Trans PULSE survey conducted in and suggest that as many as 1 in adults may be trans transgender, transsexual, or transitioned in the Canadian province of Ontario.

The Social Security Administration, since , has tracked the sex of citizens. Harris found that such changes had occurred as early as He estimated that 89, individuals included in the Census had changed to an opposite-gendered name, 21, of whom had also changed sex marker.

Pauly, estimated that about 2, transsexual people were living in the United States, with four times as many trans women as trans men.

One effort to quantify the population in gave a "rough estimate" that 0. This would put the total number of transgender Americans at approximately 1.

A survey by the Pew Research Center in found that American society is divided on "whether it's possible for someone to be a gender different from the sex they were assigned at birth.

In Latin American cultures, a travesti is a person who has been assigned male at birth and who has a feminine, transfeminine, or "femme" gender identity.

Travestis generally undergo hormonal treatment, use female gender expression including new names and pronouns from the masculine ones they were given when assigned a sex, and might use breast implants, but they are not offered or do not desire sex-reassignment surgery.

They are framed as something entirely separate from transgender women, who possess the same gender identity of people assigned female at birth.

Other transgender identities are becoming more widely known, as a result of contact with other cultures of the Western world.

In Thailand and Laos , [] the term kathoey is used to refer to male-to-female transgender people [] and effeminate gay men. The cultures of the Indian subcontinent include a third gender , referred to as hijra in Hindi.

In India , the Supreme Court on April 15, , recognized a third gender that is neither male nor female, stating "Recognition of transgenders as a third gender is not a social or medical issue but a human rights issue.

In what is now the United States and Canada, some Native American and First Nations cultures traditionally recognize the existence of more than two genders, [] such as the Zuni male-bodied lhamana , [] the Lakota male-bodied winkte , [] and the Mohave male-bodied alyhaa and female-bodied hwamee.

Among the ancient Middle Eastern Akkadian people, a salzikrum was a person who appeared biologically female but had distinct male traits.

Salzikrum is a compound word meaning male daughter. A salzikrum's father could also stipulate that she inherit a certain amount.

In early Medina , gender-variant [] male-to-female Islamic people were acknowledged [] in the form of the Mukhannathun.

Mahu is a traditional third gender in Hawai'i and Tahiti. Mahu are valued as teachers, caretakers of culture, and healers, such as Kapaemahu.

Also, in Fa'asamoa traditions, the Samoan culture allows a specific role for male to female transgender individuals as Fa'afafine. Transgender people vary greatly in choosing when, whether, and how to disclose their transgender status to family, close friends, and others.

Fear of retaliatory behavior, such as being removed from the parental home while underage, is a cause for transgender people to not come out to their families until they have reached adulthood.

The internet can play a significant role in the coming out process for transgender people. Some come out in an online identity first, providing an opportunity to go through experiences virtually and safely before risking social sanctions in the real world.

As more transgender people are represented and included within the realm of mass culture, the stigma that is associated with being transgender can influence the decisions, ideas, and thoughts based upon it.

Media representation, culture industry , and social marginalization all hint at popular culture standards and the applicability and significance to mass culture as well.

These terms play an important role in the formation of notions for those who have little recognition or knowledge of transgender people. Media depictions represent only a minuscule spectrum of the transgender group, [] which essentially conveys that those that are shown are the only interpretations and ideas society has of them.

However, in , the United States reached a "transgender tipping point", according to Time. Since then, the number of transgender portrayals across TV platforms has stayed elevated.

International Transgender Day of Visibility is an annual holiday occurring on March 31 [] [] dedicated to celebrating transgender people and raising awareness of discrimination faced by transgender people worldwide.

The holiday was founded by Michigan-based transgender activist [] Rachel Crandall in The purpose of Transgender Awareness Week is to educate about transgender and gender non-conforming people and the issues associated with their transition or identity.

TDOR serves a number of purposes:. Annual marches, protests or gatherings take place around the world for transgender issues, often taking place during the time of local Pride parades for LGBT people.

These events are frequently organised by trans communities to build community, address human rights struggles , and create visibility. A common symbol for the transgender community is the Transgender Pride Flag , which was designed by the American transgender woman Monica Helms in , and was first shown at a pride parade in Phoenix, Arizona in The flag consists of five horizontal stripes: light blue, pink, white, pink, and light blue.

Helms describes the meaning of the flag as follows:. The light blue is the traditional color for baby boys, pink is for girls, and the white in the middle is for "those who are transitioning, those who feel they have a neutral gender or no gender", and those who are intersex.

The pattern is such that "no matter which way you fly it, it will always be correct. This symbolizes us trying to find correctness in our own lives.

Category:LGBT culture. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Gender identity that does not match sex assigned at birth.

Gender identities. Health care and medicine. Rights issues. Society and culture. Theory and concepts. By country. See also. Main articles: Non-binary gender and Androgyny.

Main article: Transvestism. See also: Drag king , Drag queen , and Faux queen. This section needs additional citations for verification.

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Main article: Transgender health care. Further information: Transitioning transgender. Main article: Transgender rights.

Further information: Legal recognition of non-binary gender. Main article: Transgender rights in Germany. Main article: Transgender rights in Canada.

Main article: Transgender rights in the United States. Main article: Transgender people and religion. Main articles: Feminist views on transgender and transsexual people and Transfeminism.

See also: Androphilia and gynephilia. This is an excerpt from Causes of transsexuality [ edit ]. Main article: Coming out.

See also: National Coming Out Day. Main article: International Transgender Day of Visibility. Main article: Transgender Awareness Week.

Main article: Transgender Day of Remembrance. Main article: Trans March. See also: Transgender flags and List of historical sources for pink and blue as gender signifiers.

Transgender portal LGBT portal. TV Guide. April 26, Archived from the original on 4 June Retrieved 28 May Oliven, John F. Clinical sexuality: A Manual for the Physician and the Professions 3rd ed.

University of Michigan digitized Aug : Lippincott. Archived from the original on The Transgender Phenomenon.

However A Practical Handbook of Psychiatry references "transgender surgery" noting, "The transvestite rarely seeks transgender surgery, since the core of his perversion is an attempt to realize the fantasy of a phallic woman.

A Practical Handbook of Psychiatry. University of Michigan, digitized August C. Liberman, Mark. Language Log. Archived from the original on 15 April Retrieved 28 June Oxford Textbook of Palliative Social Work.

Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on December 1, Retrieved April 12, Encyclopedia of Social Deviance.

Sage Publications. Transgender: An umbrella term that describes people whose gender identity or gender expression differs from expectations associated with the sex assigned to them at birth.

The term transgender was coined by John Oliven and popularized by various transgender people who pioneered the concept and practice of transgenderism.

It is sometimes said that Virginia Prince popularized the term, but history shows that many transgender people advocated the use of this term much more than Prince.

As aforementioned, many transsexual individuals prefer the term transgender, or simply trans, as it is more inclusive and carries fewer stigmas.

There are some transsexual individuals [,] however, who reject the term transgender; these individuals view transsexualism as a treatable congenital condition.

Retrieved Chrisler, Donald R. Bryn LGBT Health. American Psychological Association. Archived from the original on August 8, Retrieved August 10, Archived PDF from the original on March 4, Retrieved March 28, Psychology of Women Quarterly.

National Center for Transgender Equality. Archived from the original on 22 April Retrieved 20 April Journal of Homosexuality.

American Journal of Public Health. Sexual hygiene and pathology: a manual for the physician and the professions.

The American Journal of the Medical Sciences. Psychologically, the transsexual often differs from the simple cross-dresser; he is conscious at all times of a strong desire to be a woman, and the urge can be truly consuming.

Biologist more , more. PFC Interview. Becky Allison, M. Becky's list of gender therapists ;. State by state instructions for changing.

Dana International Israel. Singer, Entertainer. Transitioned at age Lynn Conway. Lynn transitioned at age , SRS in Aleshia Brevard.

Link to Aleshia's new book! Melanie Anne Phillips. Andrea James. Writer, producer, director, activist more. Consumer advocate , Link to photos of Andrea.

Stars in " Transamerican Love Story ". Ellie Etella Belarus. Joanne Herman. Author , Blogger for The Huffington Post. Point Foundation Board member more.

Africa, US Model, Actress. Transitioned early, at age She lives in Miami Beach with her husband Jim. Attorney, N. Teenage Transitioner more , more.

Her p ioneering Korean surgeon. SRS by Dr. Burou in Casablanca, in Updated with wonderful photos of her art. Stephanie Langhoff, Ph.

Madeleine Williams. DzaDawa Spain. Reiki and Yoga Instructor. Michela Ledwidge UK. Film-maker and Systems Architect. Cindy Thai Tai Viet Nam.

Singer , songwriter , make-up artist. Video , video , video. Marie France France. Entertainer more. Michelle J.

Property manager. Reknowned Chef and. Restaurant Owner more , more. Helen Hill. Therapist, speaker, artist more.

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